As shown in the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission report the recorded statistics on violence against women during the first six months of the current year has reached a shocking number of 4154 cases.
This figure indicates an increase of nearly 25 percent compared to the number of violence against women recorded in the first six months of the previous year. However, this increase could be due to increased public confidence in the AIHRC’s offices, but can be caused by other factors such as increased violence against women and the public’s distrust of judicial authorities as well.
In any way, this high figure of violence against women in the first half of this year is very shocking and a matter to be pondered upon. Especially when we see that over 30% of the figures are physical violence, especially beating, slapping, kicking and throwing stones, the issue becomes more and more worrying because physical violence against women is the naked (harsh) form of violence against women.
Also, 6.3 percent of all cases of violence against women have been sexual violence, and 81 cases out of 262 cases have been recorded as rape cases. These figures show that violence against women in the country is at its shocking state.
The even more shocking issue in this report is that the highest rate of violence, 94.3% of all cases of violence against women, has taken place by the family members of the woman. The results of this report show that the husbands of the women are the most violent person against the women. This means that women in the family lose their safety against violence.
The result of this report implies that the responsible organs must pay serious attention to the issue and fighting against it requires precise plans and programs of fighting violence against women.
Therefore, the government of Afghanistan should take practical and effective measures to improve the situation of women’s rights in the country based on its 29
legal obligations stipulated in international human rights documents as well as in the domestic laws. The AIHRC given the existing problems in the area of women’s rights, presents the following recommendations for the improvement of the living situation of women in Afghanistan.
Raising public awareness of the rights and social privileges of citizens. In particular, the legal status of women in the family and society by developing and implementing programs and extensive continuous education by the Ministry of Education, Higher Education, Hajj and Religious Affairs, Justice, Women’s Affairs and other sectoral ministries;
Creation of job opportunities and income generation works for women to ensure financial independence and eliminate severe financial dependency of women to men.
Creation of administrative opportunities for women in the high levels of public and private agencies and institutions. And involving them in decision making, macroeconomic national policy in order to ensure the permanent guarantees for the protection of women’s role in public life;
Creation of effective strategies to combat superstitious traditions harming women’s human rights, contributing continuation of patriarchal culture;
Assuring appropriate, committed and expert capacities in the judicial system to eliminate the culture of impunity, and serious fight against those who continue to support impunity;
Expansion of special attorney offices to fight violence against women, and increasing of the staff of these offices in all provinces, and making registration of marriage and the use of marriage contracts compulsory in the country,
Ratification of the Law on Elimination of Violence Against Women and the practical implementation of this Law;
Modifying and revising of some of the provisions of the laws that are in conflict with the values of human rights especially women’s rights;
Criminalization of some examples of violence such as rape and honor killings in the laws specifically in the Law on Elimination of Violence against Women and criminal law;
Raising Police’s and security forces’ awareness and knowledge of human rights standards to promote a spirit of responsibility and respect for human rights;
Ratification and signing of the Palermo Protocol on human trafficking, to fight human trafficking especially trafficking of women and sexual exploitation of women;
Providing facilities for women’s access to justice and judicial authorities at central and provincial levels to enhance the enjoyment of legal protection of women victims of violence.
Above are the report’s Conclusions and recommendations.
Link to full 31-page report: HERE