Farkhunda Trust First Annual Lecture

The Farkhunda Trust held its First Annual Lecture at the House of Commons on November 23rd.

Speakers included Rahela Sidiqi (Women’s Higher Education & The Farkhanda Trust); Christine Chinkin (Women’s Education and Security); Baroness Frances D’Souza ( Why We Must Continue Our Work in Afghanistan; HE The Ambassador of Afghanistan to the UK, Said Tayeb Jawad ( Women’s Education and Security in Afghanistan ); Qari Zemarai Babrak ( Why to support Farkhunda Trust ).

The event was opened by Samantha Knights and closed by Interim Chair of the Farkhunda Trust, Kamini Paul.

                                                       

Statistics of Women higher education

  • In 2002, right after the Taliban fell, there were only 1,564 female students in universities. 
  • In 2016 out of 53,385 students enrolment at state universities only 11,853 or 22% were female. 
  • In total today, there are about 64000 or 21% young women attending university and only 14% of all faculty members are women. 
  • This shows great progress but we still have a long way to go to even get to where we were in 1990. Before the Taliban came, 40 percent of those in higher education were women, and 70 present of all teachers were women. 
  • The increase number of female student between 2014 and 2016 were 18.6% 

General statistics on Women Status and Employment 

  • 580 scholarships for graduate and undergraduate inside and outside Afghanistan and in Asian countries 
  • There are 35% women have master degree and 1.4% PHD
  • Total number of university students by 2016 was 300,344 students out of which state university students were 171, 609 with 36,362 female students – 21% and 135,247 male students -79%. But female higher education some times is overly reported.
  • Private university students were 128,735 students out of which 27,612 – 21% female’s students and 101,125 male students and 79%.
  • There are 601 faculty 222 state faculty and 378 private faculty in total and 145 Universities 36 state universities and 109 private universities
  • 5% of primary female students complete higher education and in 2014 90% of women were illiterate.
  • 22% of civil servants are female, 2% in security forces, 8% in justice, 27% in lower house and 19% in upper house. 2 women in cabin. 9 Deputy Minister and 4 female Ambassadors.
  • 78 % women face one type of violence and 50% get married at age of 15

 

Budget used for Education

In 2011, 2% of on budget used for education

Afghanistan Population in 2015 and issues

  • 6 million 14 million women and 20 million live in rural area. 8.6 million live in urban area.
  • Life expectancy is 44 years
  • Child mortality is 154/1000. More then 11 million live with less than $1.24 per day.

Recourses Issues:

Not enough funds to increase female faculties, 100 girls are in same class. Insecurity, lack of electricity, no enough hostel for female students, No guest lecture and lack of financial resources to enable women to use transport and get food. Education quality is poor. 50% of lecturers are bachelors and use mainly old teaching methods. Inadequate autonomy for higher institution. Demand and supply challenges, due to poor education quality. No adequate sanitary for female students in university campus. 2016 survey indicated that only 37% of population believe equal right for women access to education, 40% of college and university female students have mental health and posttraumatic stress.

Source: www.cso.gov.af, https://preserve.lehigh.edu/, https://centralasiainstitute.org, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org, http://beijing20.unwomen.org/en/about